The Ashaninka of the Rio Amônia

Around 800 people live in our indigenous territory along the Amônia river in the municipality of Marechal Thaumaturgo, in the state of Acre, Brazil.

The Terra Indígena Kampa do Rio Amônia, as our territory is officially known, was demarcated and registered in 1992 and covers 872 square kilometres. It shares its borders the Reserva Extrativista do Alto Juruá and the Terra Indígena Arara do Rio Amônia, both also located in the municipality of Marechal Thaumaturgo, and with Peru.

The greater part of our people live in Peru: more than a hundred thousand Ashaninka, stretching over several regions from the Selva Central to the headwaters of the Ucayali river. On the Brazilian side around 2,500 Ashaninka live in five demarcated and registered indigenous lands in the state of Acre. Our language is part of the Aruak ethnolinguistic family.

Highlights of the struggle of our people

Struggle for our land

Late 19th century: settlement of the Ashaninka along the Rio Amônia.

1980s: arrival of loggers in our lands and our fight for the land.

Demarcation of our territory

1990s: freedom from masters and greater autonomy for our people.

1992: demarcation of our land.

Autonomy for our people

1992-1995: planning for land and environmental management of the Indigenous Land and for community organization.

Since 2000: consolidation of projects and partnerships, and national and international outreach.

Our history

Starting in the 1980s, we began to organize ourselves as a community, to have our territory officially recognised and to defend our interests and projects. Thanks to our efforts and with the help of many partners – indigenous support fieldworkers, anthropologists, and national and international NGOs – over the following decades we achieved numerous victories that significantly contributed to the sustainable development of our community and of our neighbours. In support of this, we have worked out strategies to preserve and value our culture and to fight for our rights and for the protection of our environment, such as setting up the Associação Apiwtxa and the Cooperativa Ayõpare, to address our social, economic and political demands, by acting as the operational arms for administration of our community projects.


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